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Cedefop published the first European study on early school leaving (ESL) in vocational education (ELVET – Early leaving from vocational education and training).

The report provides insight into the main causes of dropout and what different countries are doing to prevent ESL in vocational education. Key factors contributing to dropout are: low educational outcomes and low attendance; problems with health and well-being; little family involvement; and insufficient guidance in making choices. The rapport also concluded that countries do not yet have a uniform and clear definition for ESL specifically from VET. In the report, a definition is proposed.

The report is available for download here: Getting the measure of early leaving from VET in Europe | CEDEFOP (

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